The text appearing in this database was produced from material provided by the Legislative Counsel Committee of the Oregon Legislative Assembly. The official record copy is the printed published copy of the Oregon Revised Statutes. The text in the database is not the official text of Oregon law.
Although efforts have been made to match the database text to the official legal text they represent, substantive errors or differences may remain. It is the users responsibility to verify the legal accuracy of all legal text. The Legislative Counsel Committee claims copyright protection in those parts of Oregon Revised Statutes that are legally subject to copyright protection. The State of Oregon is not liable for any loss or damage resulting from errors introduced into the materials supplied by the Legislative Counsel Committee, by a user or any third party, or resulting from any defect in or misuse of any search software, drivers or other equipment.
Hint: Use your browser's Find feature (usually found in the Edit menu) to get to a section more quickly.
Chapter 88 — Foreclosure of Liens Generally
88.010 Foreclosure of liens by suit; decree for amount of debt; other remedies. Except as otherwise provided by law, a lien upon real or personal property, other than that of a judgment or decree, whether created by mortgage or otherwise, shall be foreclosed, and the property adjudged to be sold to satisfy the debt secured thereby by a suit. Except as provided in ORS 88.070, in addition to the decree of foreclosure and sale, if a promissory note or other personal obligation for the payment of the debt has been given by the lien debtor or any other person as principal or otherwise, the court also shall decree a recovery of the amount of the debt against such person or persons, as the case may be, as in the case of an ordinary decree for the recovery of money. The provisions of this chapter as to liens upon personal property are not intended to exclude a person having such lien from any other remedy or right in regard to such property.
88.020 Joinder of foreclosure suit involving real property with suit to quiet title. Any cause of suit involving real property provided for in ORS 88.010 may be joined with any cause of suit provided for in ORS 105.605 in the same complaint or cross-complaint, if both causes of suit involve the same real property or some part thereof and are separately stated. Any person may be joined as a party who is a proper party to either cause of suit. The court, in event of such joinder, may render a decree which will, among other things, determine the paramount title to the real property involved or any part thereof.
88.030 Other lienholders and debtors as defendants; effect of failure to redeem. Any person having a lien subsequent to the plaintiff upon the same property or any part thereof, or who has given a promissory note or other personal obligation for the payment of the debt, or any part thereof, secured by the mortgage or other lien which is the subject of the suit, shall be made a defendant in the suit, and any person having a prior lien may be made defendant at the option of the plaintiff, or by the order of the court when deemed necessary. The failure of any junior lien or interest holder who is omitted as a party defendant in the suit to redeem within five years of the date of a sheriff’s sale under ORS 88.080 shall bar such junior lien or interest holder from any other action or proceeding against the property by the person on account of such person’s lien or interest. [Amended by 1985 c.817 §10]
88.040 Foreclosure suit during and after action for debt. During the pendency of an action for the recovery of a debt secured by any lien mentioned in ORS 88.010, a suit cannot be maintained for the foreclosure of the lien, nor thereafter, unless judgment is given in such action that the plaintiff recover the debt or some part thereof, and an execution thereon against the property of the defendant is returned unsatisfied in whole or in part.
88.050 Decree where more than one lien on same property. When it is adjudged that any of the defendants have a lien upon the property, the court shall make a like decree in relation thereto, and the debt secured thereby, as if such defendant were a plaintiff in the suit. When a decree is given foreclosing two or more liens upon the same property or any portion thereof in favor of different persons not united in interest, the decree shall specify the order, according to their priority, in which the debts secured by such liens shall be satisfied out of the proceeds of the sale of the property.
88.060 Enforcement of decree. The decree may be enforced by execution as an ordinary decree for the recovery of money, except as in this section otherwise provided:
(1) When a decree of foreclosure and sale is given, an execution may issue thereon against the property adjudged to be sold. If the decree is in favor of the plaintiff only, the execution may issue as in ordinary cases, but if it is in favor of different persons, not united in interest, it shall issue upon the joint request of such persons or upon the order of the court or judge thereof on the motion of any of them.
(2) When the decree is also against the defendants or any one of them in person, and the proceeds of the sale of the property upon which the lien is foreclosed are not sufficient to satisfy the decree as to the sum remaining unsatisfied, the decree may be enforced by execution as in ordinary cases. When in such case the decree is in favor of different persons not united in interest, it shall be deemed a separate decree as to such persons, and may be enforced accordingly.
88.070 Decree foreclosing purchase money mortgage on real property. When a decree is given for the foreclosure of any mortgage given to secure payment of the balance of the purchase price of real property, the decree shall provide for the sale of the real property covered by such mortgage for the satisfaction of the decree given therein, but the mortgagee shall not be entitled to a deficiency judgment on account of the mortgage or note or obligation secured by the same.
88.075 When certain mortgage is considered a purchase money mortgage. A mortgage entered into after September 13, 1975, is a purchase money mortgage if the mortgage is given to a vendor to secure the unpaid balance of the purchase price of real property or if the mortgage is given to a lender or any other person to secure up to $50,000 of the unpaid balance of the purchase price of real property used by the purchaser as the primary or secondary single family residence of the purchaser. [1975 c.618 §6]
88.080 Sale and redemption; effect of sheriff’s deed. A decree of foreclosure shall order the mortgaged property sold. Property sold on execution issued upon a decree may be redeemed in like manner and with like effect as property sold on an execution pursuant to ORS 23.410 to 23.600, and not otherwise. A sheriff’s deed for property sold on execution issued upon a decree shall have the same force and effect as a sheriff’s deed issued for property sold on an execution pursuant to ORS 23.410 to 23.600. [Amended by 1979 c.284 §91]
88.090 Decree when debt payable in installments. When a suit is commenced to foreclose a lien securing a debt payable in installments, either of interest or principal, and any of such installments is not then due, the court shall decree a foreclosure of the lien, and may also decree a sale of the property for the satisfaction of the whole debt, or so much thereof as may be necessary to satisfy the installment then due, with costs of suit. In the latter case, the decree of foreclosure as to the remainder of the property may be enforced by an order of sale, in whole or in part, whenever default occurs in the payment of the installments not then due.
88.100 Payment of amount due before foreclosure sale; decree for payment of installment not due. If, before a decree is given, the amount then due with the costs of suit is brought into court and paid to the clerk, the suit shall be dismissed. If the same is done after decree and before sale, the effect of the decree as to the amount then due and paid shall be terminated, and the execution, if any has issued, shall be recalled by the clerk. When an installment not due is adjudged to be paid, the court shall determine and specify in the decree what sum shall be received in satisfaction thereof, which sum may be equal to such installment, or otherwise, according to the present value thereof.
88.110 Duration of real property mortgage lien; when suit for foreclosure barred. Except as provided in ORS 88.120, no mortgage upon real property shall be a lien upon such property after the expiration of 10 years from the later of the date of maturity of the mortgage debt, the expiration of the term of the mortgage debt or the date to which the payment thereof has been extended by agreement of record; and after such 10 years the mortgage shall be conclusively presumed paid and discharged, and no suit shall be maintainable for its foreclosure. If neither the date of maturity nor the term of the debt is disclosed by the recorded mortgage or recorded memorandum thereof, then the date of the execution of the recorded mortgage or recorded memorandum thereof shall be deemed the date of maturity and expiration of the term of the mortgage debt for purposes of this section. If the mortgage and a memorandum or memoranda thereof are of record and no date of maturity or statement of the term of the mortgage is contained in the mortgage or memoranda, then the date of execution of the earliest document of record shall be used to determine the date of maturity and the expiration of the term of the debt. [Amended by 1997 c.143 §1]
88.120 When foreclosure not barred by ORS 88.110. (1) Foreclosure of a mortgage on real property is not barred by ORS 88.110 when the mortgage is held of record by the State of Oregon or when all the following facts exist at the time the foreclosure suit is commenced:
(a) Any portion of the mortgage debt, or any interest thereon, has been voluntarily paid within the 10 years immediately preceding commencement of the suit.
(b) The original mortgagor still owns the mortgaged property.
(c) No lien or right of a third person has attached to the property after the expiration of the 10-year period referred to in ORS 88.110.
(2) A mortgage that is not enforceable by the transferor at the time of transfer to the State of Oregon does not become enforceable thereafter under this section. [Amended by 1997 c.298 §1]
88.710 Definitions for ORS 88.710 to 88.740. As used in ORS 88.710 to 88.740:
(1) "Director" means the Director of Veterans’ Affairs.
(2) "Lien" means any charge upon property for the payment or discharge of a debt, tax or duty due the State of Oregon or any agency of the state, including judgment liens, recorded or docketed warrants or any notice or claim of amount due given by the state, or an agency thereof, pursuant to law and carried forward on the County Clerk Lien Record or circuit court judgment docket of the county wherein property is located to which a lien of the state attaches. [1959 c.499 §1; 1963 c.578 §2; 1991 c.111 §8]
88.720 Acquisition, administration and disposal by state of property subject to lien held by state. Whenever in the discretion of the Director of Veterans’ Affairs such a procedure would appear beneficial to the state, and on advice of the state agency charged with collection of a tax, duty, debt or any sum owing the state for which a lien securing such debt, tax or duty is being foreclosed by the state agency or by third parties, the director may bid in or redeem real or personal property ordered sold under foreclosure where such property is subject to any lien held by the state at a price limited to the sum of the amount of the state lien and all other prior liens plus costs but in no event to exceed the appraised value; acquire title to real property for and in behalf of the state as a result of such foreclosure; accept deeds from debtors, taxpayers or other persons owing a debt, tax or duty to the state in lieu of foreclosure; make repairs, improvements or alterations; insure against loss or damage; pay taxes, liens and charges of every kind superior to the lien of the state; and sell, transfer, lease or assign such property for and in behalf of the state, or otherwise administer such property in such manner as the director deems for the best interest of the state in the same manner the director manages and conveys property pursuant to ORS 407.135; the director shall undertake to sell property after acquiring marketable title thereto, and while holding such property shall not engage in any enterprise competitive with private enterprise other than the renting or leasing of such property or interests therein. The control of such property while title remains vested in the state shall be exercised by the director. [1959 c.499 §2; 1963 c.578 §3; 1967 c.211 §6]
88.730 [1959 c.499 §3; 1963 c.578 §4; repealed by 1967 c.211 §7 (88.740 enacted in lieu of 88.730)]
88.740 Investment of surplus moneys in Oregon War Veterans’ Bond Sinking Account. (1) The Director of Veterans’ Affairs is authorized, in whatever manner the director considers advisable and to the extent necessary to carry out the provisions of ORS 88.710 to 88.740, to use the surplus moneys in the Oregon War Veterans’ Bond Sinking Account, other than the moneys therein which are derived from tax levies and sales of refunding bonds, that are earnings in excess of the amount required to amortize the bonded indebtedness incurred under the authority of section 1, Article XI-A of the Oregon Constitution, and ORS 407.115, 407.125, 407.165, 407.205, 407.275, 407.415, 407.495, 407.515, 407.555 and 407.565.
(2) The property acquired under ORS 88.710 to 88.740 shall represent an investment of the Oregon War Veterans’ Bond Sinking Account and all moneys received by the director from the sale, lease or other disposition of any property shall be deposited in the Oregon War Veterans’ Bond Sinking Account.
(3) The director may pay to the State Treasurer, to be deposited in the General Fund available for general governmental expenses:
(a) An amount equal to the balance owing on any existing real estate contract arising out of the sale of property by the director which was an investment of the General Fund pursuant to ORS 88.710 to 88.740, and upon such payment the interest represented by the real estate contract shall represent an investment of the Oregon War Veterans’ Bond Sinking Account.
(b) An amount equal to the General Fund moneys expended for the acquisition of presently unsold properties pursuant to ORS 88.710 to 88.740, and upon such payment the properties shall represent an investment of the Oregon War Veterans’ Bond Sinking Account. [1967 c.211 §8 (enacted in lieu of 88.730); 1987 c.652 §16]
[Reserved for expansion]